Pathology Of Passive Smoke Exposure


A full range of evidence associates passive smoking to disease causation. The scope of the evidence linking passive smoking to disease causation is enormous and includes various literature reviews and various findings. Today, there are massive and conclusive evidence linking passive smoking to adverse health effects. Passive smoking is associated with causing serious cardiovascular diseases. In this essay, we shall see the composition of tobacco smoke and the potential health effects it posses to second-hand smokers.

The physical and chemical properties of tobacco smoke as reviewed by various publications, is almost the same in main smokers and passive smokers. Some compounds in tobacco smoke are emitted at levels exceeding 10 times in passive smokers as compared to active smokers. These chemical compounds are diverse and are formed as a result of incomplete combustion of organic materials. When inhaled, these compounds can cause respiratory and non-respiratory diseases.

Extensive epidemiological evidence links passive smoking with various adverse effects in children. Passive smoking can cause respiratory and no-respiratory diseases to children. Various reports since the beginning of the 1960s have shown that passive smoking in children caused by smoking parents during and after pregnancy causes disease that can result in substantial morbidity and mortality. Passive smoking is responsible of causing various diseases in children, and they include SIDS, acute lower respiratory disease and acute and chronic middle disease. Both of these conditions can either cause morbidity or mortality to young children.

Passive smoking has also been shown to be a very dangerous thing in adults. Passive smoking is shown to cause cardiovascular disease in adults. The mechanism involved here is the enhancement of atherosclerosis that affects the functioning of endothelial cells. As a result of poor functioning of the endothelial cells, the tendency to thrombosis is increased, resulting in the spasm of the coronary arteries. This is how the likelihood of cardiac arrhythmias is achieved in the body.

In conclusion, passive smoking has been shown to be as dangerous as active smoking. Both children and adults subjected to passive smoking stand a risk of developing some adverse health effects if the situation is not avoided. Though this essay does not wish passive smokers to inhale smoke, there should be a deliberate effort by both active and passive smokers to co-exist in a manner that one is not affected because of the other.