Essay Writing Tips: What Is Sound Reasoning?

Essay writing involves using reasoning to defend a claim. Sounds reasoning includes using logic to support your argument. It also includes presenting your claim in the most local order, too. Once you understand how to organize your paper and how to use logic to support your ideas, you will be able to argue any topic that comes your way.

Organizing in Chronological Order

When you argue a claim, the way you organize your paper makes a difference. If you choose to organize your essay in chronological order, you will present the argument in time order. Some arguments need to be presented in chronological order because they unfold in time. For example, if you are discussing the success or failure of a political campaign, you can present the situation in chronological order.

Argumentative Organization Techniques

Most persuasive essays with sound reasoning are organized in three different argumentative ways. One is the support style where the claim is presented early and the rest of the essay supports the claim. The discovery style is written in the opposite way, where the support (or discovery) is presented first and then the claim is presented in the conclusion. The Pro-con structure can be used to present a variety of back and forth techniques. Some with discuss advantages and disadvantages, strengths and weaknesses, and any other combinations that can show a writer’s unbiased stance.

Forms of Sound Reasoning

After you choosing your format, you will need to figure out how to present the argument with sound reasoning. Like the variety of organizational techniques, there are plenty of ways to argum your claim. One of the easiest ways to prove your claim is to include statistics, facts, and other forms of relevant data. The data you choose needs to come from reliable sources and it does need to be explained thoroughly in companion sentences. Analogies and comparisons are also useful forms of reasoning. It is best to compare ideas or facts that are already closely related. Inference is another form of sound reasoning. When you use inference, you have to be careful that you do not solely rely on this form of reasoning, because it does require the reader to make the inference through your words. Cause and effect is a useful form of reasons because the two ideas are completely related as one causes the other. Lastly, you can use the words of an expert to support your claim. For example, if you are trying to prove something political, you can usually rely on words from Benjamin Franklin or Thomas Jefferson as support.